Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer affecting men. It is leading type of cancer in men followed by colorectal cancer. Recent studies reveal that close to eighty percent of the prostate cancer cases occur to men over the age of sixty-five years. However, it doesn’t mean that prostate cancer cannot occur to younger men. Several cases of prostate cancer have been reported among teenagers. Generally, the possibility of getting prostate cancer increases with age.
What is Prostate Gland?
Prostate cancer occurs only in men because they have a prostate gland. It is a walnut-sized gland that is located just behind the pubic bone on the lower part of the bladder. The urethra runs through the prostate gland. For a small boy, the prostate gland is the size of a small pea and it continues to enlarge with age up to around twenty years. The growing of the prostate gland is natural, and it is caused by the male sex hormones. When a man attains the age of twenty years, the prostate gland stops growing until they attain the age of 45 when it starts growing again.
The prostate gland plays an important role in the body. It is responsible for the production of a thick fluid that nourishes the sperms and helps in ejaculating sperms from their storage through the urethra. An enlarged prostate gland can result in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a condition that makes it hard for a man to pass urine. The BPH is not cancer and is easily treatable.
Understanding Prostate Cancer
The human body is made of cells known as somatic cells. Normally, these cells grow, multiply and then they die off creating a balance in the body. Sometimes, the rate of cell multiplication can be higher than the rate of cell death. So, these cells clump together forming tumors. These tumors are of two types; non-cancerous tumors and cancerous tumors. Cancerous tumors are dangerous because they can invade and kill other healthy body cells.
So, prostate cancer occurs when malignant tumors from small nodules on the surface of prostate glands. The overgrown prostate glands can, therefore, affect the neighboring organs such as the kidney and the bladder. The tumor can also interfere with the nerves responsible for erection, which results in erectile dysfunction.
Although nearly 70 percent of the prostate cancer cases are found in men over the age of 65 years, experts at prostate cancer Naperville IL recommend that any man above the age of fifty years should go for regular checkups. Just like other types of cancer, prostate cancer can be very aggressive when it goes untreated. It spreads to other body parts, particularly to the bones or nodes making it extremely difficult to treat.
Preventing Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer can be stopped and treated when it is detected during the early stages. The best way to prevent any type of cancer including prostate cancer is by leading a healthy lifestyle. It includes eating a proper diet with numerous fruits and vegetables and low in animal fats and other junk food. Exercising and having enough rest can help in improving your overall body health.